Water has the ability to take a certain amount of external particles. When this amount is exceeded, these particles will settle and there is a high chance of hard crust formation. A very frequent consequence of this result is lime scale, which causes all types of problems for several industries. One of the reasons why the particles settle together, is the way how the atoms of water and lime scale move around or oscillate. When these movements change, the solubility of these external particles in the fluid will increase.
Normally, the atoms move synchronously, which means that every single atom oscillates the exact way as any other atom. If another oscillation gets involved in this movement, there is a large chance that these two will overlap, which is called interference. This basically means that two different oscillations are combined to one new oscillation. When an oscillation reaches the fluid, it is called active oscillation.
To let the oscillation reach the fluid, a carrier is needed which can transmit it and also maintain the oscillation. That is why the Merus ring was developed, to function as this carrier. This ring has to be installed around the pipe, without any contact with the fluid. The oscillations are namely transmitted into the fluid through the pipe.
In order to illustrate this process, a comparison can be made to how music is transmitted through the air by acoustic waves. One is able to hear sounds coming from a loudspeaker without having to touch it. With the right amount of volume, it is even possible to listen to music coming from another room, through the wall. This is the exact same performance of the Merus ring, which transmits waves or oscillations to the fluid to enable it to move in a specific way.
In addition, even interference is a phenomenon which can be compared to listening to music. In order to reduce noise and enhance the music sound, a concept called “anti-sound” is used. So even for music, the combination of two sounds can result in total silence.